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Supply chain, procurement management

What is it?

The supply (or procurement) is for a company to buy the products and/or services that are necessary for its operation. The supply must be regular (inventory management) and must control prices (purchasing policy). The supply function is a key element of a company's competitiveness through the impact it can have on its production costs.

Supply chains translate requests (needs) into firm purchase orders and follow-up with suppliers until product delivery, in accordance with the terms of the purchase contract. Carrying out the process for the “purchasing” function consists of following a formal process by accomplishing the tasks or operations of each stage of the purchasing process.

Sourcing focuses on finding, locating and evaluating suppliers through careful prospecting. The goal is to find products at the best quality/price ratio and as quickly as possible. Sourcing thus aims to reduce the general cost of purchases through the automation of the concerned processes.


Sourcing can also consist of leaving to a company other than one's own (third party) the care of negotiating its national or foreign purchases. Sourcing, therefore, intervenes in response to a given need of a company (in terms of goods or services).

Qu'est ce que c'est?

Its role and the different types of supply

The role: The purpose of procurement is to meet the needs of the business in terms of products or services necessary for its operation. It consists of buying, at the right time and at the best price, the necessary quantities of quality products from suppliers who will meet deadlines.


The different types of supply:

  • The raw materials (transformed property to be finished products)

  • Goods (Goods purchased and resold as is)

  • Fixed assets (Durable goods, which remain in the company for several years)

Son rôle et les differents types d'approvisionnement
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  • Evaluate the needs of the company in materials, goods, raw materials or services

  • Establish lists of suppliers by category of products, services

  • Establish requests for quotes and specifications

  • Write purchasing contracts for each supplier

  • Monitoring of purchases/orders until delivery

  • Receipt report, final inspection

  • In the short term, to ensure the continuous supply of stocks of materials, parts and consumables and the purchase of services, logistics (transport, handling, packaging, transit, etc.)

  • In the medium term, to manage the supplier portfolio, by regularly evaluating them (audit), by monitoring the update and compliance with contracts, renegotiating prices if necessary according to the offers that arise

  • In the longer term, to ensure, with the collaboration of the commercial and technical departments, the strategic management of the material resources and services of the company.

Les différentes étapes dans ce processus

The different steps

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